The first wave of Arab revolutions that took eight Arab countries by storm led to very different outcomes. In Syria, Libya, and Yemen, the uprisings descended into ongoing civil wars.
One day, Iraqi State Minister for Foreign Affairs Hamid al-Jubouri was surprised by a question from President Saddam Hussein: “Have you read about Welayat al-Faqih?" The minister’s response was no. Saddam said: “It is a small book that you must read.” Then he began to talk about “the bad things a